So NuGen is Toshiba today – Kepco tomorrow? – makes no odds what the name is, the nuclear juggernaught will continue until people say enough is enough. BNFL went bankrupt – but that did not stop the expansion of the Sellafield site to include new reprocessing plants and MOX fuel manufacturing (which the Japanese had to be bribed to take to fuel Fukushima). Bankruptcy is often a neat trick to avoid responsibility and no one wants to avoid responsibility more than the proxy nuclear industry bankrolled by successive UK governments.
Today in the Ecologist – Expose of the damage the nuclear industry is doing to us and to our environment – by Chris Busby…..
Killer ‘hot particle’: Sellafield coast ‘like Chernobyl and Fukushima exclusion zones’
The discovery of a tiny but deadly radioactive ‘hot particle’ in mud from the Esk estuary near Sellafield has highlighted the dangers the nuclear site poses to residents and visitors, writes Chris Busby. Independent measures of radiation show far higher levels that those of regulators, similar to those of the Chernobyl and Fukushima exclusion zones. Local villages should be evacuated.
The hot particle scenario at Sellafield beach is the same as in the inner Chernobyl contamination zones. The radiation dose rate is about the same as the 30km zone of the Fukushima reactors shortly after the disaster.
I am angry to the depths of my soul that the earth has been so injured while we were all bemused by supposed monuments of value and intellect, vaults of bogus cultural riches… Sellafield, which pours waste plutonium into the world’s natural environment, and bomb grade plutonium into the world’s political environment. For money.
So wrote US author Marilynne Robinson in Mother Country in 1989, a few years after the 1983 discovery by Yorkshire TV (video embed below) of the child leukemia excess (ten times the expected number) at Seascale, a village next to the Sellafield nuclear site.
In the documentary, presented by a young David Dimbleby, we see the evidence and a debate between Professor Ed Radford (who started me out on my radiation enquiry in 1991) and a young Wilks on one side, and two men from British Nuclear Fuels.
Despite the Black Inquiry , a court case (Reay and Hope vs BNFL), several reports from the National Radiological Protection Board NRPB and their Alice in Wonderland Mirror, COMARE, no one pointed out that the science behind all the protestations of innocence is bogus.
The court case was lost for the same reason. Martyn Day the solicitor was advised to use the fathers’ exposures and genetic risk as a strategy – a mistake that cost them the case. It was the direct exposures from the beaches that were the cause of the child leukemias, not the fathers.
So all BNFL had to do to win, was to show that there were leukemia children whose fathers did not work at Sellafield. Which there were.
There is no single measure of ‘radiation’
The essential problem was that everyone assumed that there was a valid scientific way of measuring radiation which applied equally to all kinds of exposure, and that it produced a number, called the ‘dose’ which could be used to quantify biological damage (and therefore child leukemia).
BNFL argued that the fact that there was a lot of plutonium on the beach and in the houses at Seascale was not enough. To get enough ‘dose’ from plutonium, the children would have had to eat some kilograms of house dust. Accepting this nonsense, the late Prof Gardner (and the court case) attempted to get around this by arguing that it was a genetic effect delivered by the fathers’ sperm.
A mistake, as I wrote to Martyn Day at the time, and also to Gardner. But Gardner (aged 50, not a smoker) went into hospital with lung cancer just after I sent my letter, and never came out.
The 1984 Black Inquiry was less easily fooled. Sir Douglas Black recommended two new independent outfits to investigate the problem. They were the Small Area Health Statistics Unit (SAHSU) and the Committee on Medical Aspects of Radiation in the Environment, (COMARE).
COMARE was quickly infiltrated by the nuclear industry faithful, and produced one biased report after another exonerating Sellafield as a cause of the child cancers. It used the same ‘dose’ argument as BNFL in the documentary, as did NRPB’s evidence to Sir Douglas.
Initially COMARE toyed with the idea of population mixing and an unknown virus as the cause, but conceded there was no population mixing at Sellafield. However, its latest 17th Report, published last year, finally gave way and decided that it was population mixing after all.
Contamination of the seashore? What contamination?
This seashore contamination has, since 1983, spread to the coast of north Wales where it is measured and where there was a 18-fold child cancer excess by 2004, and to Carlingford in Ireland (see Wolves of Water, Busby 2007) with similar effects.
Well, what is the fuss about? What should the locals and holidaymakers be afraid of?
Video: ‘Windscale – The Nuclear Laundry’, first broadcast on Yorkshire TV, 1st November 1983.
I was sent a scanning electron microscope (SEM) photograph by Cumbrians Opposed to a Radioactive Environment (CORE) the local anti-nuclear NGO. A sample from the tidal estuary of the river Esk near a popular coastal path. I was asked to comment. I show the SEM picture in Figure 1 (above right).
It was collected by CORE for Arnie Gundersen during his brief visit to Cumbria and given to Dr Marco Kaltofen from Boston MA, USA who measures particles. Marco told me on the phone that there were many such particles found in this mud sample. His machine also uses X-ray fluorescence, and can identify the elemental composition of any particle. The XRF spectrum is inset. It shows that the particle is made from Plutonium and Americium.
I knew already that the mud in that area was highly contaminated with plutonium. CORE had sent me samples in the 1990s which I still have and which I use to calibrate my gamma spectrometers. One of those had 22,000Bq/kg Plutonium-239 together with about the same amount of Cs-137 and a host of other nasty isotopes.
Killer isotope of the future: Americium 241
But this is the first time I had seen the villain of the piece, the hot particle. You need some fancy gear for that. Plutonium-241 is a major effluent from Sellafield, a beta emitter with a half-life of just 14 years turning into the alpha emitter Americium-241 with a half-life of 432 years.
Thanks to the Lancashire Evening Post for coming along – the article rather underplays the enormity of Springfields role in the nuclear story (uranium conversion and nuclear fuel manufacturer to the world, Toshiba Westinghouse who run the Springfields site constructed the Fukushima reactors, Sellafield and Springfields colluded to manufacture MOX fuel). The article also underplays the ongoing damage from Fukushima – but at least it is a recognition that we were there to witness the 6th Anniversary of the Fukushima disaster.
Dear Friends, Tomorrow, March 11th, is the sixth anniversary of the ongoing Fukushima disaster in Japan. Members of Radiation Free Lakeland invite people to join us in a vigil outside the Springfields nuclear fuel plant in Preston at 2.30pm March 11th (just 5 miles from the PNR frack site). We will be at Kirkham railway station at 2.00 for car shares to the site.
Springfields was the worlds first nuclear fuel manufacturer and makes nuclear fuel (and converts uranium) for many countries worldwide including Japan. We believe it is no accident that Springfields and Toshiba/Westinghouse’s key role in Fukushima (and Windscale and other nuclear catastrophes) goes well under the radar. That silence takes a lot of effort from vested interests. We hope that people can join us and be silent no longer. Tomorrow we stand at the birthplace of the nuclear nightmare. We stand in solidarity with people all over the world to say REMEMBER FUKUSHIMA
Even though so much has happened in the world since the March 11, 2011 earthquake and tsunami that led to three nuclear meltdowns and widespread radiation releases, it is crucial to remember that this international fiasco has no end in sight. For the tens of thousands of people in Japan who have been forced to evacuate, this disaster is a daily struggle. Six years have now passed since the Fukushima Daiichi disaster began in Japan, and people from Fukushima City and the surrounding area are subjected to social stigmatization including bullying of displaced children in schools, loss of their ancestral lands and livelihoods, and unacceptable conditions of radiation exposure and their significant life-long health impacts. The world is only beginning to realize the huge impact of the Fukushima Daiichi meltdowns on the Japanese people and Japan’s once pristine and unique environment. Japan and Fukushima Prefecture Photo Journal <http://www.fairewinds.org/japan-travel-journal/?rq=my%20time%20in%20japan>By Arnie Gundersen During last winter (2016), I spent most of February and early March in Japan working with and speaking to citizens, refugees, community leaders, elected officials, engineers, doctors, and scientists. At their request, I taught scientists and citizen scientists how to collect accurate radiation data, and also spoke to many groups of Japanese eager to learn about the scientific and engineering hazards of operating 50 nuclear plants in the most seismically active country in the world. The scientific impact of the triple meltdown at Fukushima Daiichi is an ongoing disaster that was never envisioned by the engineers who created and designed these atomic reactors and countries who built them. Even after Three Mile island (March 26, 1979) and Chernobyl (April 26, 1986) no country in the world with nuclear power reactors was prepared for the explosive radioactive contamination of Fukushima Daiichi. See the Photo Journal and further Commentary Here <http://www.fairewinds.org/japan-travel-journal/?rq=my%20time%20in%20japan> Radioactive Conditions lead to Radioactive Clothing <http://bostonchemicaldata.com/data.html> <http://www.bostonchemicaldata.com/wpi/JapanJacket.JPG> <http://www.bostonchemicaldata.com/wpi/JapanPants.JPG> <http://www.bostonchemicaldata.com/wpi/deconworkervest.jpg> <http://www.bostonchemicaldata.com/wpi/IMGglove036.JPG> During the past six months, radiation cleanup workers from Japan’s Fukushima Prefecture sent articles of clothing they had worn during their cleanup efforts to a bona fide independent lab for accurate detection, sampling, and testing of radiological and chemical samples. In a joint project with Fairewinds Energy Education, Dr. Marco Kaltofen with WPI’s Nuclear Science and Engineering Program, has analyzed the clothes data from the testing for radioactive particles and activity. When Dr. Kaltofen began analyzing radioactive measurements from a jacket worn by a radioactive debris worker, he found evidence that between 111 and 240 Bq/kg of Cesium 134 and 137 (134Cs + 137Cs) had contaminated the worker’s clothes. It is important to remember that the people working to clean up after these meltdowns are exposed to these conditions every day, including volunteers as young as high school students. We must unite to support these people with accurate radioactive dose assessments, make sure that others do not receive these astronomical exposures without adequate knowledge of their exposure levels and protection against them, and ensure that an event like this never happens again anywhere in the world. Follow More of Dr. Kaltofen’s Work Here <http://www.bostonchemicaldata.com/data.html> Fukushima News: Japan Today: 6 years after nuclear disaster, residents trickle back to deserted towns <https://www.japantoday.com/category/national/view/6-years-after-nuclear-disaster-residents-trickle-back-to-deserted-towns?utm_campaign=jt_newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_source=jt_newsletter_2017-03-09_PM> It was recently announced that the Government of Japan will lift evacuation orders for four Japanese towns including parts of the town of Namie located only 4km from the decrepit remains of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. As Japanese government housing subsidies run out, people are returning to areas that are still contaminated with unacceptable levels or radioactivity, and still border storage sites for contaminated soil. The radiation data the government is using to justify the resettlement accounts for background radiation present in these towns, however it does not account for radiation hotspots and highly radioactive particles still present. Read Full Article Here <https://www.japantoday.com/category/national/view/6-years-after-nuclear-disaster-residents-trickle-back-to-deserted-towns?utm_campaign=jt_newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_source=jt_newsletter_2017-03-09_PM> Kyodo News: TEPCO to examine inside of Fukushima No. 1 reactor Tues. with robot <http://english.kyodonews.jp/news/2017/03/462752.html On Tuesday, March 14, TEPCO will attempt a robotic mission into Reactor No. 1 to take better stock of the condition of the reactor. This comes after several unsuccessful attempts at locating the melted fuel in Reactor No. 2. TEPCO has previously acknowledged that ALL of the fuel in Reactor No. 1 has melted through, but refuses to believe that’s the case for Reactor No. 2. If Reactor No. 1 is in even worse condition than Reactor No. 2, how can they expect a better result? Read Full Article Here http://english.kyodonews.jp/news/2017/03/462752.html
The News and Star reported this week on the “devastation” felt by a Cumbrian farmer who has been given a year to leave the land in order to make way for “Europe’s biggest nuclear development.” There are many more farmers who will lose their land and livelihoods. Some farms would be immediately buried under the 1400 acre area earmarked for the diabolic nuclear reactors and associated sprawl. Others would inevitably lose their livelihoods in the future from inevitable accidents and incidents should Moorside go ahead.
The wildlife both marine and terrestrial that would be left devastated by Moorside both immediately and in the future is beyond comprehension, which is maybe why Cumbria Wildlife Trust and others have chosen to turn a blind eye. There is no excuse for this terrible wilful neglect by those who are tasked with the protection of Cumbria.
Volunteers Radiation Free Lakeland have been deliberately marginalised and ignored and on occasion laughed at by those same groups who profess to love Cumbria and a sustainable future.. it does get wearing…but the struggle is essential and we urge others previously standing on the sidelines to take a stand against new nuclear build. Everything else is meaningless if we cannot use the land, the sea and our rivers running from the mountains to the sea for anything but a receptacle for the nuclear industry.
Who remembers Melvyn Bragg’s tears reported all over the media at the National Trust stepping in to buy a Cumbrian farm?
The Guardian reported last year: “Lord Bragg, a native of Cumbria, lambasted the trust’s actions, branding it a “disgraceful purchase” and a “nasty piece of work”, adding that its opening bid of £200,000 above the £750,000 guide price to put off other potential buyers was “straight out of the mafia”.In a letter to the Times, he accused the National Trust of behaving badly and accused its director-general, Dame Helen Ghosh, of behaving “dictatorially”.
Lord Bragg has refused to even answer any of our letters regarding the violence being done by the nuclear industry to the farmland on the fertile plain between the mountains and the sea at “Moorside” (actually several farms, between the once farming hamlet of Sellafield and the village of Beckermet, including Greenmoorside from which “Moorside” insensitively takes its name). This is the fertile plain where fell farmers traditionally brought herdwick down to overwinter.
The National Trust bought up land to protect it for wildlife – at some point it may be farmed again whereas the nuclear industry is buying up land to pollute it (and us) forever into eternity.
“On March 11, we will be remembering that exactly six years have passed
since the triple explosions and meltdowns at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear
reactor site. Over 150,000 from Fukushima Prefecture were forced to leave
their homes to flee from radiation, the majority of which are still living
in many different parts of Japan. It is likely that many of them will never
be able to return to their homes. We also know that 300 tonnes of
radioactive water flows EVERY DAY through the site of the Fukushima
disaster into the Pacific Ocean. So the crisis there is as acute as ever,
and we support calls for an international response to this environmental,
economic and social disaster.
Seven movements in Wales will be supporting an anti-nuclear event in The
National Library, Aberystwyth on Saturday, March 11. The speakers will be:
Jill Evans MEP, Plaid Cymru – Leaving Euratom, What Next?
Alice Hooker-Stroud, Leader Wales Green Party – Wales’ energy fufure and
Julie Ward MEP, Labour North West England – Fukushima’s experience –
nuclear power never again
Peter Smith, ex-engineer at Hinkley Point – Delusion, Denial, Deceit
leading to Danger, Disater and Death
Selwyn Jones, Cymdeithas yr Iaith – Wylfa B and the threat to the Welsh
Reinhard Uhrig, Global 2000 Austria – campaigning experiences and Austria’s
legal challenge to the financing of Hinkley Point C
There will also be two wokshops led by:
Linda Pentz Gunter, from the Beyond Nuclear movement in the USA on
American impressions of Toshiba and Hitachi’s financial troubles and plans
for Small Modular Reactors and advice on how to empower the anti-nuclear
struggle in Wales.
Sean Morris, Nuclear Free Local Authorities and Dewi Llwyd Evans, Ynni
Ogwen outlining success of renewable projects led by councils and
On behalf of PAWB, Dr.Carl Clowes said:
“This will be a very important event which will take the anti-nuclear
campaign in Wales to a more intense level at a time of major woldwide
problems for the nuclear industry. The only way new nuclear power stations
can be built in England and Wales will be with huge publicly funded
subsidies. We call on the UK Government and Welsh Government to recognise
this and to reject the dirty, dangerous, environmental and health
threatening and extremely expensive technology of nuclear power. They
should follow the examples of other countries who recognise that the
sensible and responsible way forward is to develop decentralised energy
systems based on renewable energy in all its diverse forms, and battery
storage of electicity which is rapidly falling in price.”
March 11th 2017 will be the 6th anniversary of the ongoing Fukushima disaster.
Radiation Free Lakeland invite people to join them in a vigil to remember and to send a message to the nuclear industry that no amount of electricity is worth the kind of damage a nuclear accident inflicts on our sea, air, soil, fresh water and on our children.
Springfields (Toshiba/Westinghouse) made the fuel for the first nuclear disaster, the Windscale Fire in Cumbria. Springfields continues to make nuclear fuel from uranium for ALL the UK’s nuclear power stations. Springfields also supplies 12 countries worldwide with nuclear fuel including Japan.
**Please Join us on March 11th to Remember Fukushima**
6 years later, the catastrophe at Fukushima is still far from being resolved, still ongoing. 3 reactor core meltdowns still releasing radioactive nanoparticles into the open skies, contaminated water still leaking continuously into the Pacific ocean, plus partially decontaminated water also been dumped into the ocean.
All available information and figures controlled by Tepco and the Japanese government, with no independent party allowed to verify the veracity of the given information. A massive permanent public relations campaign of disinformation and denial, to brainwash the Japanese population and the whole world that everything is now under control and ok, denial of the radiation risks for the people health, economics being the Japanese government priority, not the population health protection. Evacuated persons coerced to return to live with high radiation in their previously evacuated townships. So that Japan would seem safe, clean and beautiful to welcome the Tokyo 2020 Olympics.
If Fukushima taught us one thing it is that people should not expect the government to protect them nor corporations to be held responsible in time of nuclear disaster.
This written article is based on officially released data by Tepco and the Japanese government, therefore all the figures and claims should be therefore taken with a pinch of salt. Always keep in mind that the officially released information does not really teach us the essential about the still ongoing catastrophe and about its victims getting more abandoned than ever.
Key figures for the sixth anniversary
As we approach the sixth anniversary of the disaster, here are some key figures as they appear in the media and official sites.
The reactor vessel was empty on March 11, 2011, and there was no melting of the core, but a hydrogen explosion destroyed the reactor building. Since December 2014, the reactor fuel pool has been emptied and the work is stopped.
Reactor # 3
There was a core meltdown and a hydrogen explosion destroyed the reactor building. All debris from the upper part were removed using remotely operated gear. A new building that will cover the whole and allow to empty the fuel pool is being assembled. The dose rate is so high that the work is more complex than expected and the site has fallen behind.
Reactor # 2
There was a core meltdown, but the reactor building is whole. Tepco did not begin to remove the spent fuel from the pool, but attempted to locate the corium, this mixture of molten fuel and debris, by various means. The dose rates inside the building are such that it is impossible to work on it. In the containment, record levels were observed. Even the robots that were sent there did not resist long.
Reactor # 1
There was a core meltdown and a hydrogen explosion destroyed the reactor building. This building was covered with a new structure in 2011, which was completely dismantled in November 2016. Tepco will begin to remove the debris from the upper part of the reactor and then rebuild a new structure to empty the fuel pool.
This makes a total of 252 m3 / d. This water is strongly contaminated and infiltrates into the basements of the reactor and turbine buildings where it mixes with the ground water that floods these basements.
To reduce radioactive groundwater leakage into the sea, Tepco pump water upstream before that water is contaminated by the reactors and then rejects it directly into the ocean. It has also built a barrier along the shoreline and pumped groundwater at the foot of the reactors. Part of this water is partially decontaminated and dumped into the ocean. Another part, too contaminated, is mixed with the water pumped in the basements of the reactors to be put in tanks after treatment, waiting for a better solution.
Tepco announced that it had already processed 1,730,390 m3 of contaminated water, which generated 597 m3 of radioactive sludge. Part of this is used for cooling and the rest is stored in tanks. According to the company, the stock of treated or partially treated water amounts to 937,375 cubic meters, to which must be added the 52,200 cubic meters of water in the basements of the reactor and turbine buildings. There are nearly a thousand tanks to keep this water that occupy almost the entire plant site. http://www.tepco.co.jp/en/press/corp-com/release/betu17_e/images/170217e0101.pdf
Since March 2016, Tepco has been trying to freeze the ground around the damaged reactors to reduce infiltration and dispersal of polluted water, but this is not as effective as expected. The Nuclear Regulatory Authority, the NRA, seriously doubts the effectiveness of this technique, which it now considers as secondary. It can be seen on this graph, where the drop in the volumes of water to be stored each day is not very high. The ice does not take place, where the underground currents are strongest. Official data on freezing of the ground. About half of the workers on the site are there because of the contaminated water. http://www.tepco.co.jp/en/nu/fukushima-np/handouts/2017/images/handouts_170209_02-e.pdf
At the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant
From March 11, 2011, to March 31, 2016, 46,956 workers were exposed to ionizing radiation at the site of Fukushima Daiichi, including 42,244 subcontracted workers. It is the subcontracted workers who take the highest doses, with an average of between 0.51 and 0.56 mSv per month between January and February 2016. It is between 0.18 and 0.22 for employees of Tepco.
There are also 1,203 people who have a higher limit to continue entering the site. Their average cumulative dose since the beginning of the accident is 36.49 mSv and the maximum value of 102.69 mSv.
On April 1, 2016, all measures were reset. Thus, 174 workers who have exceeded the dose limit will be able to return. Since that date, up to 31 December 2016, 14,643 workers have been exposed to ionizing radiation at the site of Fukushima Daiichi, of which 13,027 are subcontracted workers (89%). Subcontracted workers take the highest doses. Among them, it is not known how many were already exposed to radiation before April 1, 2016.
• There were workers of Brazilian origin who did not speak good Japanese and did not always understand the instructions of radiation protection. The Embassy of Brazil reacted and protested.
• While progress has been made in working conditions on the site, with the construction of a building dedicated to reception and rest, equipped with a canteen and a mini market, there are still problems thanks to cascade subcontracting.
• 3 workers had their cancer recognized as occupational disease: two leukemias and one thyroid cancer. One filed a complaint against Tepco and Kyûshû Electric.There are 15 cancers in all of these workers, including 8 cases of leukemia.
Radioactive pollution mapping
• The latest aerial mapping of radioactive pollution around the Fukushima Daiichi plant dates from 2015 and is available online on the dedicated site: http://ramap.jmc.or.jp/map/eng/
This new map shows the areas still evacuated and an average decrease of 65% of the ambient dose rate compared to what was measured in autumn 2011. The radioactive decay is responsible for a drop of 53%. The remainder is due to the leaching of soils and, in some places, to decontamination work.
The decontamination of evacuated areas is the responsibility of the government. Elsewhere, where the external exposure could exceed 1 mSv / year, it is the municipalities that have to deal with it.
• In non-evacuated areas, 104 townships were affected, but with the natural decline in radioactivity, the number became now 94. A map is given on page 14 of this document. In Fukushima, 15 out of 36 municipalities have been completed.
• For the interim storage facility, which is expected to contain approximately 22 million cubic meters of waste over 1,600 ha or 16 km2 around the Fukushima Daiichi plant for a maximum of 30 years, the government signed a contract with only 633 landowners (26.8%), for a total area of 287 ha (or 2.87 km2), or just 17.9% of the total area.The authorities want to reuse these soils when they have fallen below the limit of 8 000 Bq / kg for cesium. http://josen.env.go.jp/en/pdf/progressseet_progress_on_cleanup_efforts.pdf
• Japan conducts a census of its population every 5 years. The last two took place in 2010, just before the disaster and in 2015. As of October 1, 2015, the population of Fukushima province decreased by 5.7% compared to 2010 (115,000 fewer people) Miyagi of 0.6% and that of Iwate of 3.8%.
This census is based on the persons actually present and not on the registered persons. Thus, in the townships of Namie, Futaba, Okuma and Tomioka there is zero inhabitant.
The population of Kawauchi, where the evacuation order was partially lifted in 2014, the population decreased by 28.3%. In Naraha, where the evacuation order was fully lifted in September 2015, the population decreased by 87.3%.
Some townships hosting displaced persons have seen their population increase.
In all of Japan, the number of inhabitants decreased by 0.7% (- 947,000) in five years and was 127.11 million by 1 October 2015. The number of inhabitants increased in Tokyo (+2, 7%), Saïtama and Aïchi prefectures. The biggest decline was in Akita prefecture (-5.8%), which was not affected by the triple disaster. Fukushima prefecture has the second biggest drop, with -5.7%.
• Of the 54 nuclear reactors operating before the nuclear disaster, 6 were partially or completely destroyed at the Fukushima Daiichi plant. 6 others, too old, were stopped definitively. So there are only 42 nuclear reactors left in Japan.
Only 26 of them have applied for restart authorization and only 12 reactors have been granted a restart authorization. Two reactors at the Sendai power station in Kagoshima prefecture generate electricity to power the grid. A third is in operation at the Ikata power station in Ehime prefecture, both in southern Japan..
The Article below is copyrighted material and is reproduced here in full with kind permission from Ethical Consumer. Written by Jane Lawson for E. C. Back in 2006. People are sometimes disbelieving when we tell them that the nuclear industry has been spinning them an old yarn about Nuclear Power being the solution to climate […]