Main Routes for Radionuclide Transport & Accumulation in Terrestrial Ecosystems

Flood…Shhh…don’t say the “N” word

When the Water Flows - Front Cover

FLOODING NUCLEAR WASTE SILENCE
No one is asking the questions… When locals ask there is a silence.
What about nuclear wastes and flooding in Cumbria?
From: marianne Birkby

Given the ongoing flooding it is of concern that we never recieved any answers to our questions asked way back 6 months ago to Cumbria’s Cabinet.
So ….we are asking again….for the umpteenth time!

From: marianne Birkby
Date: 11 December 2015 20:36:52 GMT
To: “David.Southward@cumbria.gov.uk” <David.Southward@cumbria.gov.uk>
Cc: “Stewart.Young@cumbria.gov.uk” <Stewart.Young@cumbria.gov.uk>
Subject: Lillyhall Unanswered Questions
Dear Councillor Southward,
You may remember that 6 months ago way back in June Radiation Free Lakeland delivered hundreds of letters to the Council urging the reinstatement of independent radiation monitoring. We also asked the council to find out answers to questions that the operators of Lillyhall radioactive waste dump are unwilling or unable to answer. Given the ongoing floods in West Cumbria we are concerned at how the “controlled release of radioactivity to Groundwater” described in the EU Technical report on Lillyall is achieved and monitored ?
We have had response to neither the request to reinstate independent radiation monitoring or to the questions for which we were promised an answer.
Our previously asked questions:
“Please can you tell us what the stringent monitoring of the wastes
consists of?
For example is every lorry of “exempt” “HVVLLW” coming in from Chapelcross
and other nuclear sites to Lillyhall checked?
How is it checked?
How is the “controlled release of radioactivity to groundwater” described
in the EU technical report attached achieved and monitored?”
To repeat our concerns: the same private companies contracted to dump radioactive wastes are
also operating the landfill. In effect there is no independent monitoring.
The same questions (and many more) apply at Drigg which the operators plan to aggressively expand with greater volumes and ever more dangerous radioactive wastes despite flooding issues and known radiological damage to the environment. New nuclear build would require many many more Lillyhalls, And Driggs.
We hope that you are able to provide answers to the above questions.
Yours sincerely
Marianne Birkby
—————————- Original Message —————————-
Subject: Radiation Monitoring in Cumbria
From: wildart@mariannebirkby.plus.com
Date: Tue, June 9, 2015 2:08 pm
To: David.Southward@cumbria.gov.uk
Cc: Stewart.Young@cumbria.gov.uk
————————————————————————–
Dear Councillor Southward.
Thank you for your attention last week. The questions asked of the
operators at Lillyhall which have not been answered were:
“Please can you tell us what the stringent monitoring of the wastes
consists of?
For example is every lorry of “exempt” “HVVLLW” coming in from Chapelcross
and other nuclear sites to Lillyhall checked?
How is it checked?
How is the “controlled release of radioactivity to groundwater” described
in the EU technical report attached achieved and monitored?”
To repeat our concerns: the same people dumping radioactive wastes are
also operating the landfill. Lillyhall got a permit from the Environment
Agency, over and above the heads of councillors to dump high volumes of
radioactive waste and in 2014 Cumbria County Council gave Lillyhall
landfill an extension to 2029. This was despite the operators FCC/Energy
Solutions admitting to being “unaware’ that Sellafield had abused the new
law in order to dump one bag of intermediate and four bags of low level
radioactive wastes instead of the newly reclassified “exempt” wastes.
Energy Solutions as well as operating the nuclear side of the landfill are
also operating Magnox sites and decommissioning.
We applaud Cumbria County Council’s opposition to geological disposal.
However the County’s support for new build and the dispersal of wastes by
novel routes is a real and present threat to the people of Cumbria. There
is an escalation of risk to the public but at the same time an abdication
of responsibility for that risk. We ask that Cumbria County Council take
responsibility and introduce independent radioactive monitoring in Cumbria
of the kind that Barrow Town Council did up to 2007 and Lancashire County
Council (RADMIL) did up until a few years ago.
We look forward to the reply from Lillyhall operators and continue to urge
you and your colleagues to set up independent monitoring of the
increasingly novel routes of radioactive wastes to the environment.
yours sincerely,
Marianne Birkby
on behalf of Radiation Free Lakeland

In this weeks Cumberland News: Demands over monitoring waste – RADIOACTIVE WASTE!

Demands over Monitoring Radioactive Waste. Cumberland News 5.6.15
Demands over Monitoring Radioactive Waste. Cumberland News 5.6.15

THANKS to the Cumberland News for reporting on this.  Previously there has been a media black out for whatever reason – even when Lillyhall got a permit from the Environment Agency, over and above the heads of councillors to dump high volumes of radioactive waste the reporting on the matter was zilch.  The reporting was also zilch when in 2014 Cumbria County Council gave Lillyhall landfill an extension to 2029 despite the operators FCC/Energy Solutions admitting to being “unaware’ that Sellafield had abused the new law in order to dump one bag of intermediate and four bags of low level radioactive wastes instead of the newly reclassified “exempt” wastes.   Energy Solutions as well as operating the nuclear side of the landfill are also operating Magnox sites and decommissioning.

ARTICLE IN THIS WEEKS CUMBERLAND NEWS

Demands over monitoring waste

by Kelly Pattison

Senior county councillors faced campaigners calling for independent monitoring of radioactive waste.

Radiation Free Lakeland founding members, Marianne Birkby and husband and wife Ron and Anita Stirzaker were demonstrating at the entrance to Cumbria County Council’s car park at its Citadel headquarters in Carlisle.  Their efforts were before Mrs Birkby addressed yesterday’s meeting  of the county council’s ruling cabinet and delivered 118 letters (actually over 200!) from concerned residents and others who want Cumbria and Lancashire county councils to introduce independent monitoring of waste that heads to landfill sites such as Lillyhall near Workington.  They claim more can be done to check that higher levels of waste are not entering the environment accidentally, fearing current controls are not enough.

She said: “There is a real risk to human health on this but there is also an abdication of responsibility for that risk.  We want Cumbria and Lancashire county councils to get together an introduce independent radiation monitoring.”

Mrs Birkby told councillors that independent monitoring had been carried out in the past by Barrow Council and in Lancaster by a network of local authorities.

“Because of cuts, radiation monitoring has been left to the industry and Environment Agency both they (the councils) have the equipment if they have an emergency, which seems a bit like after the horse has bolted to me.”

In response councillor David Southward explained that a series of monitoring measures are carried out by the nuclear industry, the Environment Agency and a range of other local, regional. national and international bodies – some as often as every 30 minutes. he also said that preliminary work is being carried out looking at increasing monitoring working around nuclear sites across the UK. He added:

“The stuff people now regard as ‘free release’ (from nuclear sites) is general really low level waste, trace stuff really.  It is building debris and soil which we have seen at those tips.”

Mr Southward, the county council’s cabinet member for economic development and property also addd that would provide a more detailed response if further questions from the group were submitted in writing.

A Letter to Cumbria’s Cabinet: Please Dont’ Abdicate Your Responsibility, Reinstate Radiation Monitoring

Oh pardon me thou bleeding piece of earth that I am meek and gentle with these butchers!   W. Shakespeare
Oh pardon me thou bleeding piece of earth that I am meek and gentle with these butchers!
W. Shakespeare

Dear Cumbria County Council Cabinet,

Radiation Free Lakeland will be delivering 101 letters to you on Thursday from people in both Cumbria and Lancashire asking that these two county councils reinstate independent radiation monitoring.

The nuclear industry is being deregulated allowing novel routes for radioactive wastes into for example landfill and scrap metal destined for the open market. Radiation Free Lakeland has been blowing the whistle on this for many years.  It is entirely predictable that higher activity wastes than those ‘allowed” under the new deregulations will continue to be “accidently” dumped.   Sellafield was fined almost a £million in 2013 for sending 1 bag of intermediate level waste and 3 bags of low level wastes to Lillyhall unbeknown to the public, but predicted by Radiation Free Lakeland. The fine came out of the public purse while the operators of the landfill, FCC and Energy Solutions have never been prosecuted. In May last year when the people of Workington wrote over 100 letters to Tony Cunningham asking why there was no prosecution the reply from Ed Davey was:

“the Environment Agency did not take enforcement action against Waste Recycling Group ( FCC) ..because WRG did not knowingly breach its environmental permit”

This is some cop out! Why didn’t they know?

The people supposedly monitoring radioactive content of lorries filled with black bin bags of radioactive waste are Energy Solutions. Energy Solutions also run the Magnox sites which are bringing tonnes of radioactive waste into Lillyhall from as far away as Chapelcross.   It seems that private companies have some mafia like hold.

When Radiation Free Lakeland visited the FCC/Energy Solutions landfill at Lillyhall last month on a weekday to take a look at the outside of the site it was deserted. There was one lady there, Christine Ward an accountant who seemed genuinely surprised when we said that nuclear waste was arriving at the site. She vigorously denied this but agreed to pass on our questions to the operators.

The operators say that their permit “requires stringent monitoring.” We asked for clarification but we have never received a reply.

We asked: “Please can you tell us what the stringent monitoring of the wastes consists of?

For example is every lorry of “exempt” “HVVLLW” coming in from Chapelcross and other nuclear sites to Lillyhall checked?

How is it checked?

How is the “controlled release of radioactivity to groundwater” described in the EU technical report attached achieved and monitored?”

We applaud Cumbria County Council’s opposition to geological disposal. However the County’s support for new build and the dispersal of wastes by novel routes is a real and present threat to the people of Cumbria. There is an escalation of risk to the public but at the same time an abdication of responsibility for that risk. We ask that Cumbria County Council take responsibility and introduce independent radioactive monitoring in Cumbria of the kind that Barrow Town Council did up to 2007 and Lancashire County Council (RADMIL) did up until a few years ago.

Yours sincerely,

Marianne Birkby

On behalf of Radiation Free Lakeland

Recent correspondence with Lillyhall landfill is below:

—————————- Original Message —————————-

Subject: Re: Lillyhall Landfill Site

From:   wildart@mariannebirkby.plus.com

Date:   Tue, April 28, 2015 1:04 pm

To:     “Mark Pailing” <Mark.Pailing@fccenvironment.co.uk>

————————————————————————–

Dear Mark,

Thank you for the email.

Please can you tell us what the stringent monitoring of the wastes

consists of?

For example is every lorry of “exempt” “HVVLLW” coming in from Chapelcross

and other nuclear sites to Lillyhall checked?

How is it checked?

How is the “controlled release of radioactivity to groundwater” described

in the EU technical report attached achieved and monitored?

yours sincerely,

Marianne

Marianne Birkby

Radiation Free Lakeland

Euratom Lillyhall Technical Report 2011

“A recent Hydrogeological Risk Assessment has demonstrated that the

proposed modifications to the design are sufficient for the controlled

release of radioactivity in the HV-VLLW to groundwaters.

It is expected that the HV-VLLW will arrive at the Lillyhall Landfill Site

in skips or tipper trucks. The waste will be covered during transport to

prevent the re-suspension of dust and water ingress. Plastic liners or

super sacks may be used to reduce any contamination of the transport

container. The HV- VLLW will be loose-tipped to one side of the cell and

non-radioactive waste will be disposed to other parts of the cell. HV VLLW

is proposed to be deposited in its own dedicated cell and once complete

this area will be engineered in the same manner as the dedicated asbestos

cell, after which it will be covered with non-hazardous waste. There will

be no intimate mixing between the radioactive and non- radioactive wastes.

The waste will be tipped in such a way as to ensure that large gradients

in slope do not arise, there is no slumping of the waste and the addition

of a soil layer on top of the HV-VLLW is practicable.

It is planned that, after each disposal operation, the radioactive waste

will be covered with a layer of soil. The thickness of the soil will be

sufficient to ensure that particulate material in the waste cannot be

blown away by the wind. It has been estimated that 3% to 20% of soil will

be added”.

Letter from DECC to Radiation Free Lakeland

https://mariannewildart.files.wordpress.com/2014/02/letter-from-decc-lillyhall-radioactive-waste-dump.jpg

> For the attention of Marianne Birkby

>

> Good morning Ms Birkby

>

> I understand you visited Lillyhall Landfill Site last week, but

> unfortunately the Site Manager was not present at the time.

>

> I’ve received a number of queries from yourself via Christine Ward who I

> believe you met on site relating to the facility and the disposal of Very

> Low Level Nuclear Waste at the site.

>

> The site received a planning extension to June 2029 for disposal of both

> hazardous and non hazardous waste, including VLLW materials, in March

> 2014. The site also received a permit from the Environment Agency for

> disposal of such materials in April 2011. Both the planning permission and

> permit require stringent monitoring of the wastes received at site.

>

> I trust this clarifies the situation with regards disposal of VLLW waste

> at the Lillyhall facility.

>

> regards

>

>

> Mark Pailing – Area Manager – Landfill North

> Direct Dial: 01244 303404 | Mobile: 07980 780785 | Email:

> Mark.Pailing@fccenvironment.co.uk

> FCC Environment | Gowy | Ince Lane | Wimbolds Trafford | Chester |

> Cheshire | CH2 4JP | http://www.fccenvironment.co.uk/

Rheged: Please Don’t Greenwash Increased Nuclear Waste Dumping

Wasdale:Rheged:The Old North
Wasdale of Rheged

220px-Yr.Hen.Ogledd.550.650.Koch     Correspondence below with Rheged’s Sarah Dunning .  Rheged will once again greenwash the Nuclear Industry’s Low Level Waste Conference despite the increasing and accelerating dumping of radioactive wastes into Cumbrian soil, air and water

Dear Sarah,

Nuclear Industry Low Level Waste Conference at Rheged

Thank you for the quick reply. Your support of hill farming and the artisan food industry is much appreciated and well respected. The nuclear industry’s ambitions are however incompatible with Cumbria’s essential role as provider of good food and essential fresh water to for example Manchester.

To be neutral on this issue is rather like claiming neutrality in the taking of land from the American Indians. Only one side has the power and the weight of unjust newly minted laws and “stakeholder” treaties. Perhaps to even things up the £profits from the Low Level Waste Conference should be given to campaigners? This would enable a counter Low Level Waste Conference at Rheged. One that opposes the dispersal of radioactive wastes to the environment.

In the Lost Kingdom of Rheged our ancestors took time to search for a home with fresh clean water, life giving soil and bountiful seas.

Incredibly on the same day we wrote to you, the Nuclear Free Local Authorities wrote with their opposition to the nuclear industry’s escalating dispersal of wastes to the environment. http://www.nuclearpolicy.info/docs/news/NFLA_UK_LLW_response.pdf “Low-level waste management in the UK is in crisis. The total quantity of low level radioactive waste existing, or forecast to be created, is greater than the total amount of existing disposal capacity. The construction and operation of new nuclear power stations will only make matters worse – one of the reasons why NFLA opposes new nuclear build. The existing low level waste dump near Sellafield is virtually certain to be eroded by rising sea levels and to contaminate the Cumbrian coast with large amounts of radioactive waste at some point over the next few hundred years. The industry is managing to hide this crisis for the time-being by dispersing radioactive waste around the country. Spreading around the UK radioactive waste previously destined to be disposed of in the engineered facility near Sellafield, is liable to increase the UK population‟s collective dose and therefore increase the risk of cancer and other health problems. Despite the volumes of LLW likely to arise and the future problems of coastal erosion at the existing dump near Sellafield, the Low Level Waste Repository Ltd (LLWR Ltd) hopes to eliminate the need for a second national repository and close the existing repository in 2079 by developing new routes for different types of LLW, to enable them to be diverted from the LLWR”.

Cumbria is bearing the poisonous brunt of this dispersal. To give some examples;

Nuclear Laundry : used to be all done on the Sellafield site now it is regularly farmed out to the same laundry (at Lillyhall) that washes the sheets of Cumbrian hotels https://mariannewildart.wordpress.com/tag/nuclear-laundry/

Radioactive Landfill: radwaste has been deregulated to be called “exempt” this led to Sellafield dumping 3 bags of low level and one bag of intermediate level in a Cumbrian landfill previously clear of nuclear wastes https://mariannewildart.wordpress.com/2014/06/16/jamie-reed-mp-why-have-energy-solutions-not-been-prosecuted-for-nuclear-flytipping/

Radioactive Scrap Metal – tonnes of it released onto the open market http://www.ccnr.org/essay_radwaste_recycling.pdf Rheged is providing the industry with a respectable greenwash for all this abuse of our land by hosting The Low Level Waste Conference

with best wishes

Yours sincerely,

Marianne Marianne Birkby on behalf of Radiation Free Lakeland

> Dear Marianne >

> Thank you for taking the time to write. I appreciate and respect your

> particular line and if it’s ok, I’ll take a moment to explain ours.

> > You are right to say that we are a business with principles. For example,

> we are committed to a particular food approach in our business which > supports the hill farming and artisan food industries. In these instances,

> we work hard to champion these causes and to do what we can to support > these industries. > > There are other industries however, where as a business we take a neutral > position and this is one of those. I fully appreciate this doesn’t > correlate with your own position, but in this instance we may have to > agree to take different lines. > > I hope this clarifies the matter for you. >

> All the best, Sarah Dunning > CEO Westmorland Family >

> Dear Ms Dunning >

> Apologies for the longish letter ( It has been cut down!) > > The Westmorland Family are well known and quite rightly highly respected > for the championing of excellent local food and produce. It was really > surprising therefore to see that Westmorland Family have aligned > themselves so closely with the current agenda of the Nuclear Industry > which is to facilitate production of ever more nuclear wastes and their > dispersal to the environment under the guise of “management.” > > Rheged is to host the Low Level Waste 2015 Conference. This Conference > organised by the Nuclear Institute, the promotional arm of the industry, > sounds innocuous enough. > > For example “Minimising Low Level Waste” sounds great. It sounds as > though the Low Level Waste being produced is to be decreased. The reality > however is that the industry is escalating the dispersal of waste from > existing nuclear sites and has colluded with government to reclassify > wastes as “exempt” meaning that they can be dumped in Cumbrian landfill. >

> Energy Solutions from Utah are subcontracted by Fomento de Contrucciones y > Contratas (FCC) to look after the nuclear aspect of Lillyhall Landfill. > Having engineered the novel dumping of “exempt” waste, in 2010 Energy > Solutions and FCC allowed Sellafield to dump 3 bags of low level and one > bag of intermediate waste into Lillyhall. The cause was a faulty gieger > counter at Sellafield which was discovered by accident. > > There are no checks once the “exempt” waste reaches Lillyhall. Not one > company operating Lillyhall landfill has been prosecuted for allowing > Sellafield to illegally dump 3 bags of low level and one bag of > intermediate waste into the Cumbrian landfill. Lillyhall is a landfill > which was, previous to the 2008 “exempt” law, free of man made nuclear > wastes. > Sellafield WAS fined over £700,000 for illegally flytipping into > Lillyhall but of course that money came from the public purse.

> > Following over 100 letters of concern from his constituents, Tony > Cunningham MP for Workington wrote to Secretary of State, Ed Davey asking > why the operators of Lillyhall had not been prosecuted while Sellafield > has. The reply from Ed Davey (attached) is alarming: > “It is important to note that the Environment Agency did not take > enforcement action against Waste Recycling Group (WRG) Limited (operators > of the landfill at the time.) This was because WRG Limited did not > knowingly breach its environmental permit”. > > In that case every Tom, Dick and Harry could say they never knowingly > breached permits. And in this case Energy Solutions are supposed to be the > last line of defence preventing illegal nuclear flytipping.

> > Also concerning is that the Secretary of State, Ed Davey’s facts are plain > wrong – he tells Tony Cunningham MP that Waste Recyling Group were > operators of the landfill at the time (of the illegal nuclear > flytipping). > FCC took over Waste Recycling Group in 2006, the illegal nuclear > flytipping took place in 2010. > > The government’s pro nuclear agenda needs these nuclear privateers > attending the Rheged Low Level Waste Conference to continue to carry out > “decommissioning.” Or in other words to disperse radioactive waste to the > environment, clearing the decks for the production of ever more waste. > > Lillyhall, previously nuclear free, is now classed as a radioactive waste > dump with emissions to land, groundwater and air.

The already dangerous > practice of dumping in landfill is made even more dangerous by Energy > Solutions having allowed Sellafield to dump higher activity waste. The > non-prosecution of Energy Solutions and their contractors FCC sends out > the message that companies involved in nuclear waste are like mafia, > untouchable. This message is endorsed by the Westmorland Family and > others who should be making a stand against the fast escalating > nuclearisation of Cumbria. The landfill operators Energy Solutions and > FCC have got off not only scot free but with a license to dump a further 1 > million cubic metres or more of radioactive rubble into the landfill’s > “spare” capacity. > > > Please hand the money back and refuse the use of Rheged as a venue for > this contrick of a shindig and conference. As long as the industry > insists on novel ways of dumping waste into the environment instead of > containing it on existing sites, the Low Level Waste Conference is a means > to poison us all.

> > 55 Years ago the then President of America, John F Kennedy said: > “Radiation, in its simplest terms – figuratively, literally and chemically > – is poison. there is no amount of radiation so small that it has no ill > effects at all on anybody. There is, actually no such thing as a minimum > permissible dose.” > > Yours sincerely,

> > Marianne Birkby > On behalf of Radiation Free Lakeland

Letter to The Westmorland Family’s Sarah Dunning: Please Cancel Rheged’s Low Level Waste Conference

The Westmorland Family
The Westmorland Family

Dear Ms Dunning

Apologies for the longish letter ( It has been cut down!)

The Westmorland Family are well known and quite rightly highly respected
for the championing of excellent local food and produce. It was really
surprising therefore to see that Westmorland Family have aligned
themselves so closely with the current agenda of the Nuclear Industry
which is to facilitate production of ever more nuclear wastes and their
dispersal to the environment under the guise of “management.”

Rheged is to host the Low Level Waste 2015 Conference. This Conference
organised by the Nuclear Institute, the promotional arm of the industry,
sounds innocuous enough.

For example “Minimising Low Level Waste” sounds great. It sounds as
though the Low Level Waste being produced is to be decreased. The reality
however is that the industry is escalating the dispersal of waste from
existing nuclear sites and has colluded with government to reclassify
wastes as “exempt” meaning that they can be dumped in Cumbrian landfill.

Energy Solutions from Utah are subcontracted by Fomento de Contrucciones y
Contratas (FCC) to look after the nuclear aspect of Lillyhall Landfill.
Having engineered the novel dumping of “exempt” waste, in 2010 Energy
Solutions and FCC allowed Sellafield to dump 3 bags of low level and one
bag of intermediate waste into Lillyhall. The cause was a faulty gieger
counter at Sellafield which was discovered by accident.

There are no checks once the “exempt” waste reaches Lillyhall. Not one
company operating Lillyhall landfill has been prosecuted for allowing
Sellafield to illegally dump 3 bags of low level and one bag of
intermediate waste into the Cumbrian landfill. Lillyhall is a landfill
which was, previous to the 2008 “exempt” law, free of man made nuclear
wastes.
Sellafield WAS fined over £700,000 for illegally flytipping into Lillyhall
but of course that money came from the public purse.

Following over 100 letters of concern from his constituents, Tony
Cunningham MP for Workington wrote to Secretary of State, Ed Davey asking
why the operators of Lillyhall had not been prosecuted while Sellafield
has. The reply from Ed Davey (attached) is alarming:
“It is important to note that the Environment Agency did not take
enforcement action against Waste Recycling Group (WRG) Limited (operators
of the landfill at the time.) This was because WRG Limited did not
knowingly breach its environmental permit”.

In that case every Tom, Dick and Harry could say they never knowingly
breached permits. And in this case Energy Solutions are supposed to be the
last line of defence preventing illegal nuclear flytipping.

Also concerning is that the Secretary of State, Ed Davey’s facts are plain
wrong – he tells Tony Cunningham MP that Waste Recyling Group were
operators of the landfill at the time (of the illegal nuclear flytipping).
FCC took over Waste Recycling Group in 2006, the illegal nuclear
flytipping took place in 2010.

The government’s pro nuclear agenda needs these nuclear privateers
attending the Rheged Low Level Waste Conference to continue to carry out
“decommissioning.” Or in other words to disperse radioactive waste to the
environment, clearing the decks for the production of ever more waste.

Lillyhall, previously nuclear free, is now classed as a radioactive waste
dump with emissions to land, groundwater and air. The already dangerous
practice of dumping in landfill is made even more dangerous by Energy
Solutions having allowed Sellafield to dump higher activity waste. The
non-prosecution of Energy Solutions and their contractors FCC sends out
the message that companies involved in nuclear waste are like mafia,
untouchable. This message is endorsed by the Westmorland Family and
others who should be making a stand against the fast escalating
nuclearisation of Cumbria. The landfill operators Energy Solutions and
FCC have got off not only scot free but with a license to dump a further 1
million cubic metres or more of radioactive rubble into the landfill’s
“spare” capacity.
Please hand the money back and refuse the use of Rheged as a venue for
this contrick of a shindig and conference. As long as the industry
insists on novel ways of dumping waste into the environment instead of
containing it on existing sites, the Low Level Waste Conference is a means
to poison us all.

55 Years ago the then President of America, John F Kennedy said:
“Radiation, in its simplest terms – figuratively, literally and chemically
– is poison… there is no amount of radiation so small that it has no ill
effects at all on anybody. There is, actually no such thing as a minimum
permissible dose.”

Yours sincerely,

Marianne Birkby
On behalf of Radiation Free Lakeland

address

http://www.nuclearinst.com/Events/Low-Level-Waste-2015-Conference/24811

http://www.letsrecycle.com/news/latest-news/waste-management/fcc-completes-ps1.4bn-acquisition-of-waste-recycling-group

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-11-15/sellafield-to-be-prosecuted-over-radioactive-waste-disposal.html

http://www.thesundaytimes.co.uk/sto/business/Industry/article1422521.ece

https://mariannewildart.wordpress.com/2014/03/26/eu-says-radioactive-effluent-from-lillyhall-will-not-affect-member-states-what-does-the-mp-for-workington-say/

Jamie Reed MP: Why Have Energy Solutions Not Been Prosecuted for Nuclear Flytipping?

Lillyhall Nuclear Waste Disposal Site - If you can read this you are too close
Lillyhall Nuclear Waste Disposal Site – If you can read this you are too close

 

Dear Jamie Reed MP

Thank you very much for taking the time to speak to members of Radiation Free Lakeland at our Alternative Sellafield Story in Whitehaven.

As promised we are writing to you with information about the flytipping of radioactive waste in Lillyhall Landfill. There has been an unexpected turn of events with the company responsible for nuclear oversight of the landfill, Energy Solutions now planning to sue the government for £200M with regard to not being awarded nuclear “clean up” contracts.

Energy Solutions from Utah are subcontracted by Fomento de Contrucciones y Contratas (FCC) to look after the nuclear aspect of Lillyhall Landfill.

So the company who have not been prosecuted for allowing Sellafield to illegally dump 3 bags of low level and one bag of intermediate waste into Lillyhall are now looking to receive substantial monies off government for breach of contract?

Sellafield WAS fined over £700,000 for illegally flytipping into Lillyhall but of course that money came from the public purse.

Following over 100 letters of concern from his constituents, Tony Cunningham MP for Workington wrote to Secretary of State, Ed Davey asking why the operators of Lillyhall had not been prosecuted while Sellafield has. The reply from Ed Davey is alarming:

“It is important to note that the Environment Agency did not take enforcement action against Waste Recycling Group (WRG) Limited (operators of the landfill at the time.) This was because WRG Limited did not knowingly breach its environmental permit”.

WHAT!! In that case every Tom, Dick and Harry could say they never knowingly breached permits. And in this case Energy Solutions are supposed to be the last line of defence preventing illegal nuclear flytipping.

The use of Lillyhall as a nuclear dumping ground for decommissioned nuclear rubble is bad enough but to allow the operators to get off scott free with dumping even higher activity wastes is more than criminal. What hold have these companies over government? Is it because the government needs these nuclear privateers to carry out “decommissioning” ?

Lillyhall, previously nuclear free, is now classed as a radioactive waste dump with emissions to land and air. The already dangerous practice of dumping in landfill is made even more dangerous by Energy Solutions having allowed Sellafield to dump higher activity waste. The non prosecution of energy Solutions and their contractors FCC sends out the message that companies involved in nuclear waste are untouchable. The landfill operators Energy Solutions and FCC have got off not only scot free but with a license to dump a further 1 million cubic metres or more of radioactive rubble into the landfill’s spare capacity.

Also concerning is that Ed Davey’s facts are plain wrong – he says that WRG were operators of the landfill at the time (of the illegal nuclear flytipping.  Really?)  FCC took over Waste Recycling Group in 2006, the illegal nuclear flytipping took place in 2010.

Yours sincerely,

 

Marianne Birkby

on behalf of Radiation Free Lakeland

Attached –
LETTER FROM TONY CUNNINGHAM
EURATOM AND LILLYHALL

http://www.letsrecycle.com/news/latest-news/waste-management/fcc-completes-ps1.4bn-acquisition-of-waste-recycling-group

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-11-15/sellafield-to-be-prosecuted-over-radioactive-waste-disposal.html

http://www.thesundaytimes.co.uk/sto/business/Industry/article1422521.ece

EU Elections: Don’t Mention the ‘N’ Word?

http://www.greenpeace.org/eu-unit/en/News/2010/commission-ignores-science-to/
EU Commission wants to dump heat generating radioactive waste underground

 

Given that feelings are running very high on both sides of the nuclear argument it is incredible that the plans for decommissioning, geological dumping and nuclear new build have not got top billing in the EU elections.  Not only has nuclear not got top billing but we are lucky if it gets a mention.

Bearing that in mind and the fact that the nuclear agenda in the UK is being driven by the European Commission, Radiation Free Lakeland has written to EU candidates, we will post the answers when we receive them.

As a candidate for the EU elections we would be very grateful if you could
answer these 3 questions….

Geological Disposal
In Europe, the European Commission Directive 2011/70 Euratom states: “Deep
geological disposal represents the safest and most sustainable option as
the end point of the management of high level waste and spent
fuel
considered as waste.” This optimistic statement is not backed up by
science or evidence in the real world with the ONLY operational geological
dump leaking like a sieve in New Mexico. Under the Directive Member States
have to submit a comprehensive waste management plan by 2015. It is this
Directive that is seeing Cumbrians frogmarched along “steps towards
geological disposal” despite the geology and the likelihood that technical
problems with deep geological disposal will never ensure safe containment.

Q1 Will you work to ensure that the Geological Disposal Directive 2011/70
is overturned and that safety is put before finance and expediency?

Decommissioning – Dispersal to the Environment‎
The European Commission states that : “Large volumes of material are
produced during decommissioning and the environmental and financial costs
of disposal of this material as waste can be very significant.
Consequently, minimising waste is important in the management of these
projects”. In practice this means that in order to achieve “minimising
waste” the waste is reclassified as “exempt” and “High Volume Very Low
Level” this opens up the floodgates and has led to Sellafield dumping 3
bags of low level and one bag of intermediate level waste in Lillyhall
landfill. The private operators running the landfill HAVE NOT been
prosecuted. Sellafield has been prosecuted, the fine paid with public
money. As well as dumping radioactive rubble in landfill, decommissioned
metal wastes are melted down into scrap metal and sold onto the open
market in the only ‘metal recycling facility’ (MRF) in Europe, here in
Cumbria.

Q2 Would you agree that Decommissioning should not mean dispersal of
radioactive wastes to the environment and will you explore the possibility
of a moratorium on the practice of Decommissioning?

Moorside -New Nuclear Build. This proposal for 3 nuclear reactors on a
vast area over 6km square area of beautiful land is adjacent to the
stockpile of nuclear waste and reprocessing plant at Sellafield. The
companies who designed and built Fukushima, Toshiba and Tepco have taken
no responsibility for that disaster but are in talks with the UK
government to build new reactors here in Cumbria and to “clean up”
Sellafield ( ie dispersal to the environment). The Irish National Trust
are taking the UK government to court over the decision to build new
nuclear plants that would further pollute the Irish Sea. Incredible then
that there should be a plan to build three reactors (burning uranium for
harder and longer with hotter wastes) right next to Europe’s most
dangerous nuclear wastes. Also incredible is the size – this would be
bigger than Sellafield’s sprawling 6km square site. Why? Is that to
shovel some of Sellafield’s “decommissioning” and reprocessing activity
onto fresh land?

Q3 Given that in the real world there are no “waste eating” nuclear
reactors (only industry PR pie in the sky Integral Fast Reactors ) and no
“away” for nuclear waste (apart from dispersal to the environment) will
you oppose Moorside?

We look forward to your reply,

yours sincerely,

Marianne Birkby
on behalf of Radiation Free Lakeland

References:
Geological Disposal
European Commission Directive 2011/70
http://www.nda.gov.uk/documents/upload/Geological-disposal-how-the-world-is-dealing-with-its-radioactive-wastes-July-2013.pdf
New Mexico Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Leaking
http://www.currentargus.com/carlsbad-news/ci_25750452/doe-examining-possibility-kitty-litter-contributed-radiation-leak
European leaders are being misled over the safety of underground disposal
of highly dangerous nuclear waste which could poison groundwaters for
centuries.
http://www.greenpeace.org/eu-unit/Global/eu-unit/reports-briefings/2010/9/rock-solid-a-scientific-review.pdf

Decommissioning
http://ec.europa.eu/energy/nuclear/decommissioning/policy_en.htm
https://mariannewildart.wordpress.com/2013/07/14/lillyhall-radioactive-waste-dump-thats-what-europe-says/
http://www.studsvik.com/Documents/Studsvik%20Innova%202011/Studsvik%20Innova%201-2011/ENG_webbpdf.pdf
http://www.timesandstar.co.uk/news/business/lillyhall-nuke-plant-protest-1.3824
http://www.nda.gov.uk/ukinventory/documents/upload/2013-UK-Radioactive-Waste-Inventory-Scenario-for-Future-Radioactive-Waste-and-Material-Arisings.pdf

Moorside – New Build
The Site Plan
http://nugeneration.com/our_site.html
https://mariannewildart.wordpress.com/2014/05/08/anti-nuclear-protestors-slam-plans-for-new-power-station/
http://www.whitehavennews.co.uk/big-step-forward-for-new-nuclear-reactors-in-west-cumbria-1.1109991
http://www.whitehavennews.co.uk/news/102m-toshiba-deal-raises-hopes-for-nuclear-new-build-1.1110334

Sellafield-TEPCO co-operation agreement ‘a huge step forward’


http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/getinvolved/They-profit-you-pay/

 

 

This Wednesday DEMO 5.00 to 6.00pm outside Nuke Dump meeting

 

Nuclear Waste Here?
Nuclear Waste Here?

 

Please join us on 30th April in demonstrating to Government that Cumbria (or anywhere else!) should NOT be in the frame for the dumping of high level nuclear wastes underground.

The demonstration will start at 5pm prior to the Committee on Radioactive Waste Management meeting in the Hunday Manor Hotel.  Please join us in showing Grrrr.  We will be at the end of the access road to the Hotel alongside the A595 on public land.

To attend the meeting and ask questions -book here – or just turn up!  We are all paying for being brainwashed with “learning and focussing”  so don’t be shy

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/corwm-public-meeting-workington-cumbria-save-the-date

 

More info here:

https://mariannewildart.wordpress.com/2014/04/16/30th-april-government-committee-comes-to-workington-to-teach-cumbrians-to-suck-eggs/

and for those of Facebook – https://www.facebook.com/events/808738672470112/ 

Sir Tony Cunningham writes to DECC: Why have Lillyhall Landfill operators not been prosecuted?

 

Letter from Sir Tony Cunningham MP for Workington following over 100 letters from constituents.

 

 

 

“Thank you for your letter dated 26th march together with letters from constituents and visitors to Workington regarding the non prosecution of landfill operators FCC following the prosecution of Sellafield for “illegally dumping three bags of low level and one bag of intermediate level waste into Lillyhall landfill”.

 

I have written to the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change on this issue and will be back in touch once a reply is received.

 

I hope this is helpful.”

 

yours sincerely,

 

Sir Tony Cunningham MP”

 

More info and letter below:

https://mariannewildart.wordpress.com/2014/03/26/eu-says-radioactive-effluent-from-lillyhall-will-not-affect-member-states-what-does-the-mp-for-workington-say/

Letter from Sir Tony Cunningham - Lillyhall Landfill

EU says Radioactive Effluent from Lillyhall will not affect Member States – What does the MP for Workington say?

Lillyhall Nuclear Waste Disposal Site - If you can read this you are too close
Lillyhall Nuclear Waste Disposal Site – If you can read this you are too close

 

The powers that be are allowing higher activities and high volumes of radionuclides into the environment, into our landfill, our food and our water.

Democracy does not come into it as this is top down government where the decision has already been made at European level with collusion of the nuclear industry.

Europe’s  Euratom Directive has  Lillyhall in Cumbria earmarked as a radioactive Waste dump ….no Cumbrian vote, no Cumbrian discussion.

Question: What nasty rogue regime would “release radioactivity to
groundwater” near settlements?

Answer: UK government’s Environment
Agency obeying Article 35 of the Euratom Treaty.

This is not a spoof, or a send up. Our government has signed up to the Euratom Treaty which describes in detail a plan to turn Lillyhall landfill site into a Radioactive Waste Repository with a “controlled release of radioactivity to groundwaters.”   Our government has smoothed the way with a change to UK law. High volumes of “low level” radioactive wastes can be
relabelled “exempt” allowing them to be dumped in landfill. Higher activity wastes have already been illegally dumped by Sellafield. The Environment Agency has issued a permit despite the opposition of County and Borough councils.

All that’s left is for local councillors to rubber stamp, which they have done despite the majority of councillors being vehemently against nuclear wastes going to Lillyhall.

This is an abuse of power, of human rights and an abuse of the environment.

What can we do?   We are doing all we can as an unfunded local volunteer group but without national media support or the support of National Non Governmental Organisations there is no momentum to oppose this – which of course is the desired effect.  The out of control nuclear juggernaught rolls on, the more momentum it gains the more uncontrollable and unstoppable it becomes.

On the streets of Cumbria there is disbelief .  Disbelief that this abuse of our democracy and our human right to clean unpolluted water could be happening. Disbelief that there could be such collusion between the nuclear industry, the European Union, The UK government and the regulators.  As Energy Minister the late Tony Benn was in charge of Britain’s nuclear program  he summed the situation up in his time as ” this is the trouble with the nuclear industry, I came not to believe what I was told, and that throws a doubt on more than nuclear power: the question of democracy, if officials can operate as a state within a state. Where is the democratic control of policy?”    We suspect that the nuclear corruption of governance  has gone from bad to a whole lot worse since then.

The following is a letter sent today to Workington’s pro nuclear MP, Sir Tony Cunningham.  

 

Dear  Sir Tony Cunningham MP,

 

Lillyhall is a Radioactive Waste Repository (so says the European Commission)

 

Please find enclosed 100 letters from your constituents and visitors to Workington. The letters were signed on 22nd March, World Water Day, in Workington in a very short time, many more people were keen to sign but we ran out of letters.

 

The letter says:

 

Sellafield was fined £700,000 for illegally dumping 3 bags of low level and one bag of intermediate level waste into Lillyhall landfill.   Lillyhall has been given a permit to dump the recently classified “exempt” radioactive waste.  This led to the open gate allowing Sellafield to dump even higher activity wastes than the already dangerous “exempt” waste. 

 According to the European Commission the plan is to have liquid radioactive effluent being routinely released from Lillyhall as long as it does not affect Member States.

 We are asking why was Sellafield prosecuted while the landfill operators FCC are allowed to not only get away scot free but given a green light to continue?  Is it because the government needs privateers such as those running Lillyhall to “dispose” of radioactive wastes?   We want to know why the landfill operators have not been prosecuted and we are urging you as the local MP along with all Cumbrian MPs and Cumbria County Council to ask some tough questions and demand some answers.

 

Residents from Workington spoke at the recent County Council Meeting in opposition to Lillyhall’s nuclear landfill.  The Cumbria County Council Development Control Chair Alan Clark repeated time and again that the Lillyhall meeting was “not about nuclear” but merely about a time extension to the landfill.

 

What Councillor Alan Clark should have said is that ‘this meeting is not about nuclear waste because the European Commission has already decided that Lillyhall is a Radioactive Waste Repository above our heads and also above our heads the Environment Agency has already given Lillyhall a permit’.

 

It is clear that democracy does not come into this top down nuclear decision making. In Europe, Lillyhall is earmarked as a radioactive waste dump in an area previously free of high volumes of nuclear waste (apart from small amounts of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials)  So Lillyhall is earmarked as a nuclear dump with No Cumbrian vote, No Cumbrian discussion. The decision made by the European Commission has been rubber stamped by the UK Environment Agency by granting a permit.

 

All that’s left is for local councillors to rubber stamp a time extension, which they have done despite the majority of councillors speaking angrily against nuclear waste being dumped in Lillyhall. The Chair Alan Clark was insistent that if they denied a time extension to the landfill (“because this isn’t about nuclear” ) the private operators would appeal against the Council’s decision. This turns justice and democracy on its head. West Cumbrians have been conscientiously reducing, reusing and recycling which, say the company running the landfill, means that there is “spare capacity” of 1.4 million cubic metres.   We would like you to ask this question in Parliament on behalf of your constituents and those towns and villages in Cumbria who would suffer radioactive rubble being trucked passed them on the way to Lillyhall from Sellafield, Chapel Cross etc.

 

Q: Why weren’t the private operators of Lillyhall Landfill prosecuted for allowing Sellafield to dump 3 bags of low level and one bag of intermediate level waste into the landfill?

 

 

Yours sincerely,

 

Marianne Birkby on behalf of Radiation Free Lakeland (address)

cc. Tim Farron MP, John Woodcock MP, Rory Stewart MP, Jamie Reed MP,  John Stevenson MP,  Cumbria County Council Leader Stewart Young, Chair of Development Control Alan Clark

 

 

pg 2   Lillyhall Radioactive Waste Repository

 

 

Notes:

 

European Commission Directorate D – Nuclear Energy

LILLYHALL VERY LOW LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTE REPOSITORY August 2011

http://ec.europa.eu/energy/nuclear/radiation_protection/article35/doc/tech_report_uk_2011.pdf

 

 

 

Letter from DECC to Radiation Free Lakeland

https://mariannewildart.files.wordpress.com/2014/02/letter-from-decc-lillyhall-radioactive-waste-dump.jpg

 

 

A UK Radioactive Waste Dump is Born with Fanfare or Fuss

http://nuclear-news.net/2014/02/28/a-uk-radioactive-waste-dump-is-born-without-fanfare-or-fuss-shhhh/

 

Sellafield V Crown Court     http://www.judiciary.gov.uk/Resources/JCO/Documents/Judgments/r-v-network-rail-and-sellafield-ltd.pdf

  1. i)  The failure was not isolated but systemic.
  2. ii)  It potentially exposed those who handled waste off-site and the public to unnecessary risk.
  3. iii)  It was not a first offence. A prohibition notice had been served on 28 June 2008, one year before installation of the new monitors, by the Department of Transport for breach of Regulation 5 of the 2009 Regulations. Sellafield Ltd had been fined twice for incidents involving the emission of radioactive material in 2005 and 2007 – £500,000 and £75,000 respectively.

 

Fomento de Contrucciones y Contratas     http://www.fccenvironment.co.uk/new-disposal-site-for-very-low-level-radioactive-waste-gets-the-go-ahead.html    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fomento_de_Construcciones_y_Contratas

Criminal Waste Activity : Without closely monitoring third-party practices, landfill site owners open themselves up to large fines and even closures as a result of illegal waste disposal occurring on their site.http://www.waste-management-world.com/articles/2013/08/security-advice-for-landfill-owners-who-pay-the-price-for-criminal-activity.html

Powerful Evidence to Pull the Plug on Radioactive Fly Tipping: https://mariannewildart.wordpress.com/2013/09/24/tim-farron-mp-powerful-evidence-to-pull-the-plug-on-radioactive-fly-tipping/

 

 

 

Tony Benn

RIP – Tony Benn the anti nuclear advocate and friend to all !!