Main Routes for Radionuclide Transport & Accumulation in Terrestrial Ecosystems

Flood…Shhh…don’t say the “N” word

When the Water Flows - Front Cover

FLOODING NUCLEAR WASTE SILENCE
No one is asking the questions… When locals ask there is a silence.
What about nuclear wastes and flooding in Cumbria?
From: marianne Birkby

Given the ongoing flooding it is of concern that we never recieved any answers to our questions asked way back 6 months ago to Cumbria’s Cabinet.
So ….we are asking again….for the umpteenth time!

From: marianne Birkby
Date: 11 December 2015 20:36:52 GMT
To: “David.Southward@cumbria.gov.uk” <David.Southward@cumbria.gov.uk>
Cc: “Stewart.Young@cumbria.gov.uk” <Stewart.Young@cumbria.gov.uk>
Subject: Lillyhall Unanswered Questions
Dear Councillor Southward,
You may remember that 6 months ago way back in June Radiation Free Lakeland delivered hundreds of letters to the Council urging the reinstatement of independent radiation monitoring. We also asked the council to find out answers to questions that the operators of Lillyhall radioactive waste dump are unwilling or unable to answer. Given the ongoing floods in West Cumbria we are concerned at how the “controlled release of radioactivity to Groundwater” described in the EU Technical report on Lillyall is achieved and monitored ?
We have had response to neither the request to reinstate independent radiation monitoring or to the questions for which we were promised an answer.
Our previously asked questions:
“Please can you tell us what the stringent monitoring of the wastes
consists of?
For example is every lorry of “exempt” “HVVLLW” coming in from Chapelcross
and other nuclear sites to Lillyhall checked?
How is it checked?
How is the “controlled release of radioactivity to groundwater” described
in the EU technical report attached achieved and monitored?”
To repeat our concerns: the same private companies contracted to dump radioactive wastes are
also operating the landfill. In effect there is no independent monitoring.
The same questions (and many more) apply at Drigg which the operators plan to aggressively expand with greater volumes and ever more dangerous radioactive wastes despite flooding issues and known radiological damage to the environment. New nuclear build would require many many more Lillyhalls, And Driggs.
We hope that you are able to provide answers to the above questions.
Yours sincerely
Marianne Birkby
—————————- Original Message —————————-
Subject: Radiation Monitoring in Cumbria
From: wildart@mariannebirkby.plus.com
Date: Tue, June 9, 2015 2:08 pm
To: David.Southward@cumbria.gov.uk
Cc: Stewart.Young@cumbria.gov.uk
————————————————————————–
Dear Councillor Southward.
Thank you for your attention last week. The questions asked of the
operators at Lillyhall which have not been answered were:
“Please can you tell us what the stringent monitoring of the wastes
consists of?
For example is every lorry of “exempt” “HVVLLW” coming in from Chapelcross
and other nuclear sites to Lillyhall checked?
How is it checked?
How is the “controlled release of radioactivity to groundwater” described
in the EU technical report attached achieved and monitored?”
To repeat our concerns: the same people dumping radioactive wastes are
also operating the landfill. Lillyhall got a permit from the Environment
Agency, over and above the heads of councillors to dump high volumes of
radioactive waste and in 2014 Cumbria County Council gave Lillyhall
landfill an extension to 2029. This was despite the operators FCC/Energy
Solutions admitting to being “unaware’ that Sellafield had abused the new
law in order to dump one bag of intermediate and four bags of low level
radioactive wastes instead of the newly reclassified “exempt” wastes.
Energy Solutions as well as operating the nuclear side of the landfill are
also operating Magnox sites and decommissioning.
We applaud Cumbria County Council’s opposition to geological disposal.
However the County’s support for new build and the dispersal of wastes by
novel routes is a real and present threat to the people of Cumbria. There
is an escalation of risk to the public but at the same time an abdication
of responsibility for that risk. We ask that Cumbria County Council take
responsibility and introduce independent radioactive monitoring in Cumbria
of the kind that Barrow Town Council did up to 2007 and Lancashire County
Council (RADMIL) did up until a few years ago.
We look forward to the reply from Lillyhall operators and continue to urge
you and your colleagues to set up independent monitoring of the
increasingly novel routes of radioactive wastes to the environment.
yours sincerely,
Marianne Birkby
on behalf of Radiation Free Lakeland

“Woolly Thinker” anonymous article in Windermere Now

Windermere Now May 2015
WIndermere Now: “Britian is highly dependent on nuclear power…Lets get real and get the stuff ‘buried’ very deep where it belongs” Really? and Really??

Windermere’s Free Paper, Windermere Now has published an anonymous article     (pg 8) promoting Moorside and Geological Dumping.

Radiation Free Lakeland are grossly misrepresented as being “Not in My Back Yard”  when what we have been consistently saying is NOT IN ANYONE’S BACK YARD.

What would the Lakeland men and women of old think of this?  Wordsworth?Ruskin?  Beatrix Potter?  I think they would be horrified to see such a blasé and toadying attitude to the most extreme and abusive industry.

I think their views would be more akin to Duncan Ball a Sellafield Foreman. Duncan’s poems chronicled the nuclear industry and include one that was read out publicly at the  international “Lakes for Living” conference in Windermere.

For nuclear waste growing bigger and hotter

They’re draining the life from Lakeland and Otter

Cooling the poison they’ve shipped from afar

Condemning the Angler and Arctic Char

“What’s the harm? There’s water aplenty!”
Say the loudest mouths with heads near empty,
while for son and daughter the waters spoil
cooling waste in the kettle I fear will boil…”

We have written a reply to the “Woolly Thinker” article  – will wait to see if it is published……

Yesterday at Hinkley – Nuclear Waste – Return to Sender!

Return to Sender! Nuclear Waste from Hinkley to Sellafield
Return to Sender! Nuclear Waste from Hinkley to Sellafield

A message from our friends at Hinkley ……

“A group from the South West went to return nuclear waste to Hinkley Point today, in solidarity with the people of Cumbria. They verified that there is definite construction work going on at Hinkley Point, as reported by the monthly Witch Watch.
This work, we are told is still under the banner of preliminary works
An awful lot of lorries were going up and down them Somerset lanes this afternoon …..What about the legal challenges on the construction of Hinkley C?….and the contract is not signed yet……..
Work stopped for a few hours today, gates were closed and traffic pile ups were seen at gates…. people dressed in nuke waste barrels and Santa Claus costumes, wondered around the site singing :
“Return to sender, address unknown, No new killer, No nuclear zone!”
Some workers, on seeing the surreal entourage, suddenly dropped tools run behind a bigger fence and disappeared in a hut, replaced by dots of G4s ….Santa inspected the abandoned field , and asserted, 2 diggers were left abandoned, tools were loosely strewn in the mud, ….. in the distance the destruction work continued.
The whole thing is like a cheap obvious farce, there is no law that this industry abides by.Both G4S and construction workers are working on contaminated ground with no protection..The site has been made into a complete mess.
Will they , or won’t they get the investment to build the damned nuke plant…..one thing is for sure, over 120 tons of plutonium are stored at Sellafield and we keep making nuclear waste and sending it up to Cumbria like there is no tomorrow…….at this rate there won’t be.”

*RETURN TO SENDER (NO NUCLEAR WASTE)*

* *

*I sent a Barrel to Sellafield*

*Put it on the track*

*Bright ‘n’ early next morning*

*The barrel just came back!*

* *

*/She wrote upon it/*

*/return to sender/*

*/address unknown/*

*/No new killer/*

*/No nuclear zone!/*

* *

*We’ve had enough of your toxic waste*

*radiating our bones*

*No more compromise*

*you can have your barrels back!*

* *

*/She wrote upon it/*

*/return to sender/*

*/address unknown/*

*/No new killer/*

*/No nuclear zone!/*

* *

*Over there inChernobyl *

*And inFukushima too*

*Your destroying our people*

*and our planet too!*

* *

*/She wrote upon it/*

*/Too late to say sorry!/*

*/The damage is done/*

*/No New killer/*

*/NO NUCLEAR ZONE!/*

Just a Salmon – Stop Moorside – Advent Calandar December 7th

 

Just a Salmon
Just a Salmon

The River Ehen is designated as a European Special Area of Conservation (SAC) and Site of Special Scientific Interest designated for Freshwater Pearl Mussels  which need a healthy population of Atlantic Salmon.

The salmon (carrying the Freshwater Pearl Mussels) use the last stretch of the river Ehen, which passes through Greenmoorside enroute to the sea.

Sounds magical – because it is.  Greenmoorside is also a flood plain for the River Ehen.

The beautiful River Ehen about to be Nuclearised?
The beautiful River Ehen about to be Nuclearised?

Stop Moorside – Advent Calendar

Although it flows out of Ennerdale Water, the River Ehen belongs equally to the west Cumbrian plains, forming the boundary between the mountains and the plains for most of its course. 

At least one borehole is on the River Ehen flood plain – as described by NuGEN’s contracter RIZZO…..

RIZZO understands that BH13 is on the floodplain of the nearby River Ehen and may be difficult to access. This borehole is required to investigate postulated Fault “E” and must be completed. Minor adjustments will be considered, depending on the exact location of the Fault as determined by the geophysical survey.

For pricing purposes, assume that drilling mud/water must be captured and stored on-site until it has been tested for contamination. Contamination testing will be performed by RIZZO or NuGen. Following contamination testing, drilling mud/water is to be disposed in accordance with Environmental Agency (EA) regulations. Should the drilling mud/water be found to be contaminated, this will constitute a Changed Condition and additional

 consideration will be given for disposal, or disposal will be handled by RIZZO and/or

100 Boreholes would bring Sellafield’s Leaking Mess to the surface – to be dumped where?

Moorside - 100 boreholes
Moorside – 100 boreholes
Nuclear Developers Rip Out  Footpath Signs - Moorside
Nuclear Developers Rip Out Footpath Signs – Moorside
The beautiful River Ehen about to be Nuclearised?
The beautiful River Ehen about to be Nuclearised?
Borehole - Moorside. The first of 100 to "explore" Poison the Land in Preparation for 3 New Reactors
Borehole – Moorside. The first of 100 to “explore” Poison the Land in Preparation for 3 New Reactors

Today an anti fracking colleague pointed us to the Environmental Permitting issued by the Environment Agency for radioactive wastes the fracking company Cuadrilla wants to bring up out of boreholes and dump into the environment.  This is beyond scandalous.  But it got me thinking about the 100 boreholes that have already started being bored into the land around Sellafield.  If there are any Environmental Permits then the Environment Agency aren’t making them easy to find.  And where will the radioactive plutonium and caesium brought up out of the contaminated ground next to Sellafield go?  How will the use of explosives for borehole drilling affect the nearby crumbling Sellafield waste  ponds?

Fracking brings up Naturally Occuring Radioactive Materials – which is nasty carcinogenic stuff.

But the stuff about to be brought out of the contaminated ground next to Sellafield is far worse and yet …..WHY IS NO ONE SHOUTING?

It is goose bump  making to see the Friends of the Lake District and others putting so much effort into the pylon consultation.  The pylon consultation is just a means to push along this diabolic plan for 3 dangerous reactors next to the most dangerous pile of radioactive wastes in the world.

The pylons WILL NOT GO AHEAD if Moorside is stopped, we know this because the National Grid told us so.  So why aren’t Friends of the Lake District, Cumbria Wildlife Trust and other groups working to Stop Moorside instead of faffing about with pylons?  They say they are waiting for the developers consultation on Moorside (actually Greenmoorside and Peterburgh farm )

– they might as well say they are waiting for the Titanic to set sail.

85 boreholes Moorside (100 total) L148_British_Energy_Coast_RFP_for_Geo_Hydro_Drilling_v1_0

 

 

nb are the 100 boreholes for testing the geology for new reactors or for softening us up to dump nuclear waste (back)  into ?

Nuclear Champion or Nuclear Conman?

Imperial College - Professor Robin Grimes
Imperial College – Professor Robin Grimes

Last night Radiation Free Lakeland joined representatives from Lancaster District CND and Lancaster residents in demonstrating outside the Storey Institute in Lancaster. In association with Lancaster Uni, Professor Robin Grimes from Imperial College, a leading “Nuclear Champion,” was giving a talk on “What Nuclear New Build Means to the North West.”

Professor Grimes came to speak to us outside saying “I’ve never had a demonstration outside where I’ve been speaking before.” He should come to the NW more often! There were only a few of us but listening to his cheerleading for the nastiest most vicious industry on earth, there should have been tens of thousands demonstrating outside.

Following our demonstration we went into the lecture. Professor Grimes asked for a show of hands early on to see who was supportive of nuclear. The audience was largely pronuclear . The dissenters at the Nurenburg rallies probably felt pretty much the same deeply horrified emotions as myself and my colleagues were feeling.

Professor Robin Grimes is the advisor to government select committees on all things nuclear. After some brightly coloured graphics on how nuclear reactors work and his enthusiastic cheerleading for the “nuclear renaissance” it is easy to see how attractively the bright shiny nuclear future can be presented to our gullible government ministers. With the right smoke and mirrors and the vacuum left by Friends of the Earth and Greenpeace, the soundbyte that nuclear is “safe and low carbon” is all but unchallenged in the mainstream media and corridors of power. Those individual voices of dissent, true and committed as they are, are swatted away like annoying midges.

The most memorable quotes of the night from Professor Grimes were:

“Government needs to learn how to deal with the public”

“We will have the technology to carry out geological disposal, there is no technical barrier”

Nuclear waste is not an ethical issue

“The only barrier to next generation reactors/thorium reactors is cost”

“new build will not increase the footprint of Sellafield as it will be within the fences” (WHAT!!!! see here)

In a previous presentation for Imperial College, Professor Grimes has said that the Sellafield Magnox Sludge Ponds contain corroded Magnox cladding and Radionuclides that are “currently impossible to predict. AT PRESENT THESE WASTED CANNOT BE TREATED”

This is at odds with the hellish optimism we witnessed in Lancaster.  We suspect it is also at odds with what government ministers in Select Committees have heard from Professor Robin Grimes when they agreed to new nuclear build. There was no mention at all from the Professor on the environmental and health devastation that nuclear is known to cause, but which is not admitted by the industry or our colluding government.

Why aren’t the industry’s best scientists working to CONTAIN the wastes instead of working flat out and with public money to make EVER MORE?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

You too can have a Lakeland View Like this – All you have to do is Nothing!

Moorside from Scafell Pike - You too can have a view like this - just do nothing!
Moorside from Scafell Pike – You too can have a view like this – just do nothing!

Radiation Free Lakeland will be launching the report on 26th Sept at the
Beckermet Pylon Consultation from 1-2.

Please join us if you can – we will then walk for a few miles or so around the
‘Moorside’ site (actually called Greenmoorside).

The Cooling Towers for AP1000 reactors under construction in America and China are 600ft to 800ft high. This is many times higher than any existing
building in Cumbria and more than double the height of the now demolished Calder Hall cooling towers. The largest pylons for example would be 152ft.

Radioactively contaminated seawater would be drawn from the Irish Sea for cooling. Deposition from vapours and particulate matter emissions from cooling towers would fall on Lakeland. The visible vapor plumes
associated with cooling towers can rise more than 5,000 feet above the towers (ie above the Lakeland fells) and extend as far as 9 miles downwind.

The river Ehen meanders through National Trust land from Ennerdale to the final reaches at the proposed Moorside site. Fresh Water Pearl Mussels and
other endangered species are under direct threat as a result of the Moorside proposal.

NUGEN are disingenuously describing this beautiful 500 acre area of West Cumbria as
“a brownfield site.” We wonder how much more of Cumbria will be described as “brownfield” should Moorside go ahead?

Radiation Free Lakeland have sent the report to movers and shakers such as the National Trust, Friends of the Lake District and Cumbria Wildlife
Trust, all of whom are taking part in the Pylon CONsultation while Saying NOWT about the biggest nuclear development in Europe.

MOORSIDE RaFL Report 19.9.14

 

Moorside Report Launch at Beckermet 26th Sept 1-2pm

Roe deer, Moorcide
Roe deer, Moorcide
#StopMoorcideNukiller
#StopMoorcideNukiller

AP1000

Campaigners will launch the Moorside Report this Friday at the Pylon Consultation in Beckermet Reading Room, Sellafield Rd from 1pm – 2pm, 26th Sept

Following this we will walk a mile or two of the scenic route around the proposed Moorside site– actually called Greenmoorside, from approx. 2pm till 4pm.

MEET AT BECKERMET READING ROOM

We will be leaving to walk the Greenmoorside/Moorside site at approx 2pm from Beckermet Reading Room, Sellafield Rd

We will take the opportunity to watch wildlife on the 500 acre site and erect a banner “Stop Moorside: The Land is Ours!”

The National Grid is holding a consultation on the pylon route from the proposed Moorside AP1000 reactors. The pylon consultation will be at the village of Beckermet on 26th Sept.   We will be there to launch the Moorside Report written by Radiation Free Lakeland which outlines the impact on Cumbria from new nuclear build. The pylons would be the very least of it.

The plant site for each nuclear reactor (there are 3 planned) is estimated to require 9.6 acres, with huge cooling towers requiring additional 15 acres Radioactively contaminated seawater drawn from the Irish Sea would precipitate over Lakeland from the cooling tower plumes. The visible vapor plumes associated with cooling towers would rise more than 5,000 feet above the towers (ie 2000 ft above the highest Lakeland fells) and extend as far as 9 miles downwind.

MOORSIDE RaFL Report 19.9.14

Pylon consultation events http://www.northwestcoastconnections.com/bgo/consultationevents.asp#Schedule

The Moorside Report: Europe’s biggest nuclear development

Cooling tower plumes from Moorside would reach 5000ft over Lakeland Fells
Cooling tower plumes from Moorside would reach 5000ft over Lakeland Fells

PRESS RELEASE

THE MOORSIDE REPORT

A new report has been produced by Radiation Free Lakeland, which outlines
the impact “the biggest nuclear development in Europe” would have on
Cumbria.

Visible vapor plumes from AP1000 cooling towers would rise more than 5,000
feet above the towers (ie 2000 feet above the highest Lakeland fells) and
extend as far as 9 miles downwind. Resulting precipitation would be from
seawater drawn from the Irish Sea, which is contaminated by Sellafield’s
reprocessing activity.

The river Ehen meanders through National Trust land from Ennerdale to the
final reaches at the proposed Moorside site. Fresh Water Pearl Mussels and
other endangered species are under direct threat as a result of the
Moorside proposal.

Spokesperson for Radiation Free Lakeland, Marianne Birkby said: NUGEN are
disingenuously describing this beautiful 500 acre area of West Cumbria as
“a brownfield site.” We wonder how much more of Cumbria will be
described as “brownfield” should Moorside go ahead?

Radiation Free Lakeland have sent the report to movers and shakers such as
the National Trust, Friends of the Lake District and Cumbria Wildlife
Trust.

MOORSIDE RaFL Report 19.9.14

 

Independent Radiation Monitoring In NW – What?

Three Wise Monkeys
Three Wise Monkeys

 

Radiation Free Lakeland are lobbying for independent radiation monitoring in the North West.  This used to be carried out by Radiation Monitoring in Lancashire – RADMIL – which was disbanded a few years ago due to council cuts.

Multi-national private companies taking on lucrative government contracts to “decommission” nuclear plants are essentially self regulating, such as the landfill at Lillyhall which accepted “non exempt” 3 bags of low level and one bag of intermediate level waste from Sellafield.  The Environment Agency said they were satisfied that the company running the landfill was “unaware” of Sellafield’s actions.  So no prosecution against the private company was made.  The Environment Agency are the government body policing radioactive releases to the environment. They are being crafted to become  increasingly a watchdog that does not bark, or even look.

Please write to the Chief Scientist at Lancashire County Scientific Services: scientificservices@lancashire.gov.uk

and cc to Cumbria County Council’s Nuclear Issues: richard.griffin@cumbria.gov.uk

Dear Scientific Services/Nuclear Issues

RADIATION RELEASES TO THE ENVIRONMENT

Radioactive releases to the environment used to be independently monitored by the council run Radiation Monitoring in Lancashire, RADMIL. RADMIL was stopped a few years ago due to council cuts. The nuclear industry and government plan to manufacture fuel for new reactors beginning with uranium at Capenhurst, Near Chester and then on to Preston’s Springfields plant with proposed new nuclear build at Moorside in Cumbria  and proposed geological dumping under Cumbria. This means the escalating release of radioactive materials to the River Ribble and Clifton Marsh Landfill in Lancashire and to the Irish Sea, Lillyhall landfill and more in Cumbria.  Fracking would also release radiation to the environment.  Nuclear is ALREADY releasing an accelerating cocktail of the most potent radionuclides to the environment from fuel manufacture, routine emissions from nuclear plants, reprocessing, decommissioning and waste ‘disposal’.

Given this escalation in radioactive emissions we urge you to reinstate regular and frequent independent radiation monitoring in Lancashire and Cumbria

Yours sincerely,

Name

Address

 

More info:
From: ENV Lancashire County Scientific Services
scientificservices@lancashire.gov.uk
Date: 31 March 2014 14:44:29 BST
To: ‘marianne Birkby’

Subject: RE: RADMIL

Dear Ms Birkby

The decision to discontinue radiation monitoring was taken about three years ago
by the Lancashire Chief Environmental Health Officers group. This was mainly due to budgetary pressure and the recognition that the background levels of radiation were very well established.

It was also decided that the remaining equipment would be held by Lancashire
County Scientific Services and maintained in good working order in case it might
assist in the recovery phase of an nuclear incident.

As the pressures on budgets have not eased I cannot see RADMIL being reinstated in the foreseeable future.

I hope this answers your question adequately. If you need any further information please do not hesitate to contact me.

Regards

Andrew Smith, BSc., PhD., M.Chem.A., C.Sci., C.Chem., M.R.S.C.

Lancashire County Council
County Scientific Services
Pedders Way
Riversway Docklands
Preston
PR2 2TX
Tel: 01772 721660 (Office)